SPEECH PATHOLOGY

Speech-language pathologists (SLPs) work to prevent, assess, diagnose, and treat speech, language, social communication, cognitive-communication, and swallowing disorders in children and adults.

  • Speech disorders occur when a person has difficulty producing speech sounds correctly or fluently (e.g., stuttering is a form of disfluency) or has problems with his or her voice or resonance.

  • Language disorders occur when a person has trouble understanding others (receptive language), or sharing thoughts, ideas, and feelings (expressive language). Language disorders may be spoken or written and may involve the form (phonology, morphology, syntax), content (semantics), and/or use (pragmatics) of language in functional and socially appropriate ways.

  • Social communication disorders occur when a person has trouble with the social use of verbal and nonverbal communication. These disorders may include problems (a) communicating for social purposes (e.g., greeting, commenting, asking questions), (b) talking in different ways to suit the listener and setting, and (c) following rules for conversation and story-telling. All individuals with autism spectrum disorder have social communication problems. Social communication disorders are also found individuals with other conditions, such as traumatic brain injury.

  • Cognitive-communication disorders include problems organizing thoughts, paying attention, remembering, planning, and/or problem-solving. These disorders usually happen as a result of a stroke, traumatic brain injury, or dementia, although they can be congenital.

  • Swallowing disorders (dysphagia) are feeding and swallowing difficulties, which may follow an illness, surgery, stroke, or injury.

Additionally, SLPs:

  • Provide aural rehabilitation for individuals who are deaf or hard of hearing.

  • Provide augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) systems for individuals with severe expressive and/or language comprehension disorders, such as autism spectrum disorder or progressive neurological disorders.

  • Work with people who don't have speech, language, or swallowing disorders, but want to learn how to communicate more effectively (e.g., work on accent modification or other forms of communication enhancement).

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EVA LUKKONEN SULLIVAN,
MM MA CCC-SLP 

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Eva Lukkonen Sullivan, MM MA CCC-SLP is a speech pathologist/voice specialist and vocal coach who helps those in need get their voices back and, for some, get the best voice of their life.

As a former opera singer performing in Southern California and a speech language pathologist specializing in the diagnosis and rehabilitation of voice disorders, Eva understands that when one is experiencing voice difficulties or finds that, for whatever reason, he or she just can't acheive the level of vocal quality that they need, life seems to be at a standstill. If you are finding yourself in a similar scenario, help may be closer than you realize.

Eva is passionate about making the diagnosis and treatment of voice difficulties in all types of individuals--from professional recording artists performing to millions, to grandparents reading bedtime stories to their family--available, accessible, and affordable, no matter where you are.